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Glossary

GLOSSERY

We have put together this glossery of terms to help you while browsing the catalogue..

1x1 Rib

Also   2x2 rib knit trim. The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment retain its elasticity.
 

2-Way   Zipper

A zip that can be pulled in either direction.

 

Anti-Pill

A treatment applied to garments primarily to resist the formation of little balls on the fabric's surface due to abrasion during wear.

 

Argyle

Typically  a diamond pattern woven into a garment.

 

Baby Pique

Very small pique knit. See Pique Knit.  

 

Back Pleats

Small folds in the material on the back of a garment offering more room and comfort. 

 

Back Yoke

A  piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders allowing the garment to lay flat.  

 

Baselayer

The   first layer of clothing for body's defence against cold, heat, moisture, etc. It is designed to remain dry by either wicking, repelling, or allowing   moisture to pass through to another absorbent layer.  

 

Basket Weave Knit

Process of weaving threads back and forth resulting in a two-tone appearance.  

 

Blouson Cut

A garment gathered by elastic or a string and producing a fullness of fabric that falls over the gathering  

 

Box Pleat

A single, uniform fold in the centre back of a garment to allow for more room and comfort.  

 

Breathable

Body heat and perspiration can escape through the lightweight material, while water and the elements are prevented from coming in.  

 

Brushed Cotton

Cotton fabric that is brushed to remove all the excess lint and fibres from the fabric, leaving an ultra soft, smooth finish.  

 

Button-Through Sleeve Placket

A small placket located on the cuff, containing a single button closure.  

 

Chambray

A dressier fabric woven with white threads across coloured threads.  

 

Combed Cotton

Cotton   thread that has been combed to remove short fibres and straighten longer fibres creating a smooth yarn used in finer garments.  

 

Coolplus®  

Offers moisture management, breathability, comfort and quick drying properties.   

 

Coverseamed

A finish in which two needles are used to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It is used around the neck, armholes, waistband, and wrists of garments to create a cleaner, more durable finish.   

 

Dobby

A decorative weave, usually geometric, that is woven into the fabric.  

 

Double-Needle Stitched

A finish used on a sleeve or hem that uses two needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It gives the garment a cleaner, more finished look and   adds durability.  

 

Drop Needle

A knit fabric characterised by vertical lines within the cloth. Manufactured by dropping a needle from the knitting cylinder.   

 

Drop Tail

A design feature where the back of the garment is longer than the front.   

 

Dyed-To-Match

Buttons or trims the same colour as the garment.  

 

Easycare

Durable fabric requiring minimal ironing and straight forward washing.  

 

Easyiron

Garment has properties which limits creasing.  

 

EN471

Necessary classifications for high visibility garments.  

 

End-on-End

A 2-ply weave of different colour threads that run parallel so that both colours are visible.  

 

Enzyme Washed

A laundering process in which a catalytic substance is added to create a chemical   change in the fabric resulting in a very soft finish, smoother appearing   surface and reduced shrinkage.  

 

Etched Tone Buttons

A  more upscale horn tone button with an etched pattern.  

 

Eyelets

Small holes or perforations made in a series to allow for breathability. Finished   with either stitching or brass grommets.  

 

Fine Knit Gauge

Lightweight knitted material often found in Summer garments.  

 

Flat Knit Collar

Collar is knit on a machine that produces a fine, smooth surface  

 

Full Cut

A garment with a generous fit.  

 

Garment Washed

A wash process where softeners are added to finished garments to help the cotton fibres relax, resulting in a thicker appearance, reduced shrinkage and   softer feel to hand.  

 

Garment Dyed

A dyeing process that occurs after the garment is assembled.  

 

Herringbone

A decorative pattern of rows of slanted parallel lines alternating to give a quality textured look.  

 

Horn Tone Buttons

Buttons with a mock ivory style.  

 

Houndstooth

A broken check effect that is knit into the fabric.  

 

Hydrafort

Hydrafort fabric is both waterproof and windproof, providing reliable protection from the elements in the outdoors. Hydrafort fabric is independently tested to ensure it exceeds BS3424 for waterproofness.  

 

Interlock Knit

A fabric that has two plys knit simultaneously to form one thicker and heavier ply. It has more natural stretch than a jersey knit, a soft hand, and the   same appearance and feel on both sides.  

 

IQ  Fabric

Wicks moisture away from the skin to keep it cool during even during the most  intense exercise. The garments are designed around a moisture management  system, which circulates air around the body to keep it  cool.   

 

Isolite 5000

Waterproof   and breathable lightweight fabric system offering outstanding comfort and   performance on a range of lightweight, packable rainshells.  

 

Isotex

Waterproof, Windproof, Breathable fabric  

 

Jacquard Knit

This fabric has a smooth outer and a textured inner.  

 

Jersey Knit

This fabric has a smooth outer and a textured inner.  

 

Klopman

Specifically designed to offer exceptional all-round performance including outstanding   durability, enhanced comfort and a smart appearance.  

 

Locker Loop

A looped piece of fabric in the neck of a garment for hanging on a hook. Can also be located at the centre of the back yoke on the inside or outside of a garment.  

 

Locker Patch

A panel sewn into the inside back of a garment, just under the collar seam, to reinforce the garment and minimise stretching when hung on a hook.  

 

Low Profile

A cap style with a low slope that is more closely fitted to the head. Can be either structured or unstructured.   

 

Mandarin   Collar

Small collar standing on a high, close neckline; the collar doesn't meet in front. Often known as a cadet collar.  

 

Melange

A mix of different colours of thread knit together to create a heathered effect.  

 

Mercerized

A product that has gone through a process to produce a smooth feel.  

 

Mesh

Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture for increased   breathability.  

 

Micro Fleece

A high density, anti-pilling fleece made of knit micro-fibres that are brushed   less than a regular fleece garment. It has a high capacity for warmth without   the weight.  

 

Microfibre

This fabric is tightly woven from a very fine poly thread and has a sueded finish   for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfibre fabric is naturally water repellent   due to its construction process and when specially treated, can also be   waterproof.  

 

Micro-Stripe

An ultra-fine stripe knit into the fabric.  

 

Overdyed

A process in which thread dyed fabrics or piece dyed garments are put through   an additional dye colour to create unique colours.  

 

Organic

Produced  ethically to certified standards.  

 

Oxford

Fabric made from either cotton or blended man-made fibres.  

 

Patch Pocket

A pocket attached to the outside of a garment.  

 

Pearlised Buttons

Buttons that have a pearl-coloured hue.  

 

Pewter Buttons

Buttons that have a dull, metallic hue.  

 

Pigment Dyed

A type of dye used to create a distressed or washed look.  

 

Pique Knit

A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears like a   waffle weave.  

 

Placket

The part of a shirt or jacket where the garment fastens together.  

 

Poly-Filled

A warm polyester lining found in the body or sleeves of outerwear garments. It   has more loft than a regular nylon lining.  

 

Poplin

A tightly woven, durable, medium weight cotton or cotton blend fabric made   using a rib variation of the plain weave which creates a slight ridge   effect.  

 

Pre-Shrunk

This term refers to a manufacturing process whereby the fabric is compressed before a garment is sewn from it. The fabric decompresses during washing,   compensating for any natural shrinkage.  

 

PVC

A polyurethane coating that is added to make garments water   resistant.  

 

Raglan Sleeves

Sleeves set with a diagonal seam from the neck to the armpit.  

 

Raw Edge Collar

Unfinished hem on collar to give rough, contemporary look.  

 

Reverse Placket

See Placket, but reversed for women's garments.  

 

Rib Knit

A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines. It is highly elastic and retains your shape.  

 

Ring Spun Thread

Continuously twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibres. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly   softer hand.  

 

Ripstop  

This fabric has a high tear and abrasion resistance and has a squared appearance, Commonly a lightweight nylon it can also be of canvas weight.  

 

Scotchlite

Millions of glass beads affixed to the surface. Each glass bead is covered with a metallic reflective layer on half of its surface and this, combined with the   spherical nature of the glass beads gives the materials their reflective   properties.  

 

Self-Fabric   Collar

A collar that is constructed from the same material as the body of the garment.  

 

Shape Retention

Fabric maintains your shape after wear.  

 

Shoulder to Shoulder Taping

Reinforced,  or fashion taping running the length of the shoulders.  

 

Side Vents

Slits found at the bottom of side seams allowing for comfort and ease of movement.  

 

Spotshield

Formula that repels both oil and water based spills by causing liquids to simply bead up and roll right off the shirt.   

 

Stand-up

collar rigid collar with stay-up properties  

 

Stonewashed

A washing process in which the fabric or garment is heavily washed with lava rocks or rubber/silicon balls. The result is a softer fabric with a distressed or weathered look and reduced shrinkage.  

 

Storm Flap

A strip of fabric sewn under or over the front zip or snap closure of an outerwear garment to protect against wind and moisture.  

 

Sueded Cotton

A fabric that goes through a brushing process to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand.   

 

Symmetry

ISymmetry has an anti-pill finish, quick drying and easy to care for with a super soft handle  

 

Taffeta

A fine plain weave fabric; smooth on both sides, usually with a sheen on its surface.  

 

Taped Seams

A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion and aid   waterproofing.  

 

Taslan

Refers   to how the fibres are woven and the resulting texture. Used mainly in   outerwear garments, Taslan is a durable and water repellent nylon fabric with   a slightly shiny surface.  

 

Teflon®

Stain resistant, water repellent finish applied to textiles. This treatment gives   the fabric a protective coating (without affecting any of the fabric's   inherent properties).  

 

Tencel

A fabric made from the cellulose found in wood pulp which is processed into a   silk-like, delicate fabric.   

 

Terry Velour

A type of material with uncut loops on both sides. It has a soft, plush feel   and is water absorbent.  

 

Thermal   Balance Plus

The inherent structure of Thermal Balance fleece makes it ideal for use as part   of a layer system. Thermal Balance Plus fleece provides outstanding warmth   and comfort making it the ideal layering garment for a range of outdoor uses.

 

Thermoguard

Thermo-Guard insulation is made up of advanced synthetic fibres, which trap air to help   keep you warm in cold or snowy conditions.  

 

Tubular Collar

Collar in a tube form with no seams.    

 

Twill

A fabric characterised by micro diagonal ribs producing a soft, smooth   finish.  

 

Underarm Grommets

Small holes in the armpit area to allow breathability and air   circulation.  

 

V Patch

A section of material in a V shape that is sewn onto a garment directly under   the collarette. Can provide support against stretching the neck opening and   is also a style component.  

 

Vents, Front & Back

Allow for breathability and may aid in ease of decoration or for fashion   purposes.  

 

Welt Collar and/or Cuffs

A single ply fabric with a finished edge that is used for collars and cuffs on   sport shirts and short sleeve garments.  

 

Wicking  

The physical action of drawing liquid moisture (sweat) away from the body and   moving it to another surface or layer.   

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